Beaked Hazelnut Corylus cornuta
Family: Betulaceae (Birch)
Branching: Alternate

This is a fairly common shrub in Ontario and is quite distinctive in the winter by both its buds and bark.  It usually grows to about shoulder height.  There are actually two main species, Beaked and American Hazelnut.  As a member of the birch family, hazelnuts have winter catkins as well.

The end bud of Hazelnut.  Notice how one or two exposed scales are much hairier than the others.  
This is diagnostic and easy to spot.

A lateral bud

Another view of the twig

As a member of the birch family, Hazelnut has winter catkins

The distinctive fruit

Hazelnut bark has a unique appearance.

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copyright © 2008 Josh Sayers
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