Northern Bayberry Myrica pensylvanica
Family: Myricaceae (Wax-myrtle)
Bayberry is a similar shrub to Sweet-gale, though it tends to grow
larger and on drier sites. In the growing season, it has larger
leaves of a lighter green, and is much more fragrant. In the
winter, its buds are almost spherical, and often very numerous on the
ends of twigs. The waxy dots that characterize these two species
are not as obvious in the winter, though they can still be present.
The spicy smell is still often noticeable in broken twigs in the
winter. In Ontario, it is quite uncommon, though it is more
common in southern and eastern areas.
Winter twig of Bayberry
Another view of the winter twig
Close up of buds and leaf scar
Another view of the buds and leaf scar; notice the small yellow resin dots in the full-sized picture
Dwarf shoot with clustered leaf scars
The upper twigs often radiate out from a central "hub"
Close up of end buds
The ripe fruits of Bayberry
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© 2008 Josh Sayers
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